Key Performance Indicators

2018 Environmental Performance


Air emissions

Type Emissions (tonne)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Nitrogen oxides 2,471 9,488 11,959
Sulphur oxides 501 47 548
Respirable suspended particulates 234 0.17 234
Volatile organic compounds 2 0 2

Greenhouse gas emissions

Scope Sources Emissions (tonne of CO2-e)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Scope 1
Direct emissions
Combustion of fossil fuels 895,102 898,038 2,190 2,245 897,292 900,283
Industrial production processes – welding 2,936 0 2,936
Hydrofluorocarbon and perfluorocarbon emissions 0 55 55
Scope2:
Energy indirect emissions
Purchased electricity 130,096 132,252 2,699 2,716 132,795 134,968
Purchased heat 2,156 0 2,156
Purchased gas 0 17 17
Scope3:
Other indirect emissions
Industrial production processes – welding (contractor) 70 49,411 0 318 70 49,729
Stationary combustion (contractor) 46,969 0 49,969
Disposal of waste paper 1,2432 84 1,327
Water consumption 5522 14 566
Sewage treatment 3002 7 307
Air business travel 277 213 490
Total greenhouse gas emissions 1,079,701 5,279 1,084,980
Greenhouse gas intensity (tonne of CO2-e/million HK$) 19.50

1. To facilitate readers’ comprehensive understanding of the quantified environmental and social performance of the Group, the performance indicators of CSCD are also listed in this chapter. CSCD’s environmental performance are quoted from the “Environmental, Social and Governance Report” in its 2018 Annual Report. Apart from total workforce and employee turnover, which are sourced from the report mentioned, other key performance indicators are calculated and reported in the statistical methods of this report.
2. Only include emissions of CSCHK.

Waste generation

Type Waste (tonne)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Hazardous waste
Total hazardous waste 51.9 0.003 51.903
Hazardous waste intensity (tonne/million HK$) 0.001
Non-hazardous waste
Inert construction and demolition waste (sent to public fill reception facilities) 631,100 801 1,539,374
Non-inert construction and demolition waste (sent to landfills) 63,958
Construction and demolition waste (sent to construction waste sorting facilities) 17,170
Inert construction and demolition waste (sent to other authorized facilities for reuse) 567,772
Other non-hazardous waste 258,573 258,573
Non-hazardous waste 1,538,573 801 1,537,374
Non-hazardous waste intensity (tonne/million HK$) 27.67

Energy consumption

Type Energy consumption (MWh-e)20
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Gasoline 14,783 5,506 20,289
Diesel 264,529 664 265,193
Liquefied petroleum gas 6,497 132 6,629
Acetylene 1,358 N/A 1,358
Natural gas 20,033 N/A 20,033
Lignite 2,250,632 N/A 2,250,632
Methanol 119 N/A 119
Charcoal 39 N/A 39
Renewable energy 1,314 N/A 1,314
Purchased electricity 213,343 4,564 217,907
Gas N/A 350 350
Steam 5,444 N/A 5,444
Sold electricity -102,300 N/A -102,300
Total energy consumption 2,675,791 11,216 2,687,007
Energy intensity (MWh-e/million HK$) 48.30

3.The unit of energy consumption was changed from GJ in 2017 to MWh-e. Besides, the consumption of natural gas in 2017 is amended to 110,540 cubic metre (equivalent to about 1,931MWh-e).

Water consumption and sewage discharge

Type Consumption/discharge (cubic metre)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Water consumption
Total consumption21 5,747,673 32,037 5,779,710
Water intensity (cubic metre/million HK$) 103.90
Sewage discharge
Municipal/sewage discharge 1,363,549 Information unavailable 1,363,549
(after treatment) Discharge into the sea, rivers or lakes 304,570 304,570
Total discharge 1,668,119 Information unavailable 1,668,119
Discharge intensity (cubic metre/million HK$) 31.76
Total water reuse2222 156,579 Information unavailable 156,579

Total packaging material used for finished products

Type Consumption (tonne)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Timber for packaging 10,425 N/A 10,425
Packing belt N/A 4.40 4.40
Stretch film N/A 3.80 3.80
Paper corner protector N/A 1.60 1.60
Bubble film N/A 0.02 0.02
Cellulose tape N/A 0.07 0.07
PVC film N/A 1.05 1.05
Paper N/A 522.30 522.30
Plastic N/A 389.10 389.10
Total consumption of packaging materials 10,425 922.34 11,347.34
Packaging material intensity (tonne/million HK$) 0.20

4.Including water consumption of contractors provided by CSCI in construction sites.
5.Reused in construction sites of the Group, not used by other organisations.

Consumption of raw materials23

Type Consumption
Hong Kong Macau Mainland China Total
Internal consumption of the Group
Concrete (cubic metre) 1,029,783 276,608 5,320,436 6,626,827
Concrete (cubic metre) 18,817 4,046 319,357 342,219
Reinforced steel bar (tonne) 245,798 55,931 463,888 765,618
Steel beams (tonne) 9,813 1,937 24,313 36,063
Sheet pile (tonne) 2,635 1,916 42 4,593
Cement (tonne) 33,292 12 1,281,688 1,314,992
River sand (tonne) 121,240 16 ,589,812 1,711,068
Stones (tonne) 452,092 0 2,973,280 3,425,372
Bricks (tonne) 80 31,811 1,162,778 1,194,669
Concrete floor materials (tonne) 0 12,883 0 12,883
Aluminium products (tonne) 0 0 6,632 6,632
Steel products (tonne) 5 26 8,169 8,200
Silica gel (tonne) 0 0 3 3
Glass (tonne) 50 0 25,743 25,793
Consumption of contractors
Concrete (cubic metre) 73,488 130,973 3,413,923 3,618,383
Cement mortor (cubic metre) 95,851 3,164 124464 223,478
Reinforced steel bar (tonne) 83,828 21,813 442,658 548,299
Steel beams (tonne) 1,910 0 17,545 19,454
Sheet pile (tonne) 2,206 0 40 2,246
Cement (tonne) 5,324 12 630,166 635,503
River sand (tonne) 9,334 16 1,255,489 1,264,839
Stones (tonne) 76,928 0 2,470,274 2,547,201
Bricks (tonne) 9,020 14,685 1,143,950 1,167,655
Concrete floor materials (tonne) 950 12,883 161 13,994
Aluminium products (tonne) 1,200 0 7,447 8,647
Steel products (tonne) 1,121 26 8,519 9,666
Silica gel (tonne) 5 0 1 6
Glass (tonne) 250 0 8,433 8,683
Timber for packaging (tonne) 2 1,900 9,436 11,338

6.The relevant data of CSCD during the year was not calculated.

2018 Social Performance


Total workforce (by region, age group, gender, employment contract and employment category)

Type Total workforce
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
By region
Hong Kong 4,671 345 5,016
Macau 707 N/A 707
Mainland China 5,143 1,911 7,054
USA N/A 247 247
Canada N/A 232 232
By age group
Below 30 3,370 781 4,151
31-40 3,025 866 3,891
41-50 2,362 706 3,068
Over 51 1,764 382 2,146
By gender
Male 8,351 2,373 10,724
Female 2,170 362 2,532
Total 10,521 2,735 13,256

Type Gender By employment contract
Permanent Temporary
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Hong Kong Male 3,692 276 3,968 0 0 0
Female 979 69 1,048 0 0 0
Macau Male 531 N/A 531 0 N/A 0
Female 176 N/A 176 0 N/A 0
Mainland China Male 4,128 1,699 5,827 0 0 0
Female 1,015 212 1,227 0 0 0
USA Male N/A 42 42 N/A 164 164
Female N/A 20 20 N/A 21 21
Canada Male N/A 54 54 N/A 138 138
Female N/A 17 17 N/A 23 23

Gender By employment type
Full-time Part-time
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Male 8,349 2,373 10,722 2 0 2
Female 2,169 362 2,531 1 0 1

Number and rate of new hires (by region, age group and gender)

Type Number of new hires Rate of new hires
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
By region
Hong Kong 2,336 93 2,429 50% 27% 48%
Macau 146 N/A 146 21% N/A 21%
Mainland China 949 775 1,724 18% 41% 24%
USA N/A 89 89 N/A 36% 36%
Canada N/A 74 74 N/A 32% 32%
By age group
Below 30 1,371 436 1,807 41% 56% 44%
31-40 799 406 1,205 26% 47% 31%
41-50 654 165 819 28% 23% 27%
Over 51 607 24 631 34% 6% 29%
By gender
Male 2,784 921 3,705 33% 39% 35%
Female 647 110 757 30% 30% 30%
Total 3,431 1,031 4,462 33% 38% 34%

Number and rate of employee turnover (by region, age group and gender)

Type Employee turnover Turnover rate
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
By region
Hong Kong 1,939 54 1,993 43% 17% 42%
Macau 94 N/A 94 14% N/A 14%
Mainland China 1,705 670 2,375 31% 36% 32%
USA N/A 9 9 N/A 4% 4%
Canada N/A 28 28 N/A 13% 13%
By age group
Below 30 1,376 350 1,726 41% 47% 42%
31-40 914 251 1,165 30% 32% 30%
41-50 582 124 760 25% 18% 23%
Over 51 866 36 902 46% 9% 40%
By gender
Male 3,042 655 3,697 36% 29% 34%
Female 696 106 802 32% 29% 31%
Total 3,738 761 4,499 35% 29% 34%

Ratio of salary of male employees to female employees (by region and employee category)

Region Employee category Ratio of salary of male employees to female employees
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Hong Kong Senior 2.80:1 N/A 2.51:1
Middle 1.74:1 1.00:1 1.59:1
Executive 1.43:1 1.19:1 1.34:1
General 1.53:1 1.10:1 1.54:1
Macau Senior N/A N/A N/A
Middle 1.11:1 N/A 1.11:1
Executive 1.36:1 N/A 1.36:1
General 1.85:1 N/A 1.85:1
Mainland China Senior N/A N/A N/A
Middle 0.97:1 N/A 0.88:1
Executive 1.12:1 4.23:1 1.18:1
General 1.39:1 1.79:1 1.18:1
USA Senior N/A N/A N/A
Middle N/A N/A N/A
Executive N/A 1.24:1 1.24:1
General N/A 0.88:1 0.88:1
Canada Senior N/A N/A N/A
Middle N/A N/A N/A
Executive N/A N/A N/A
General N/A 1.07:1 1.07:1

7.Since the calculation method of employee turnover rate in the Environmental, Social and Governance Report of CSCD is different from that of the Group, to maintain consistency, this column of data is recalculated according to the Group’s method.

Data of occupational health and safety (by region and gender)

Region Gender Number of work-related injuries Work-related injury rate per 1,000 persons
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Hong Kong Male 11 1 12 3.0 3.6 3.0
Female 3 0 3 3.1 0 2.9
Macau Male 0 N/A 0 0 N/A 0
Female 0 N/A 0 0 N/A 0
Mainland China Male 3 7 10 0.7 4.1 1.7
Female 0 2 2 0 9.4 1.6
USA Male N/A 2 2 N/A 9.7 9.7
Female N/A 0 0 N/A 0 0
Canada Male N/A 0 0 N/A 0 0
Female N/A 0 0 N/A 0 0
Total 17 12 29 1.6 4.4 2.2

Region Gender Lost days due to work-related injury Lost day rate
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Hong Kong Male 16204.5 668 16872.5 1.71% 0.26% 1.40%
Female 5765.5 49 5814.5 2.19% 0.47% 2.12%
Macau Male 0 N/A 0 0 N/A 0
Female 0 N/A 0 0 N/A 0
Mainland China Male 140 659 799 0.01% 0.29% 0.06%
Female 0 236 236 0 0.47% 0.08%
USA Male N/A 180 180 N/A 1.00% 1.00%
Female N/A 45 45 N/A 0.47% 0.47%
Canada Male N/A 25 25 N/A 0.28% 0.28%
Female N/A 26 26 N/A 0.46% 0.46%
Total 22,110 1,888 23,998 0.82% 0.32% 0.73%

8.Excluding employees of contractors. The Group is improving the calculation mechanism and plans to disclose the relevant data in the next reporting period.
9.There were no cases of occupational diseases and work-related fatalities during the year.

Training data (by region, gender and employee category)

Region Employee category Average training hours of male employees Percentage of male employees trained Average training hours of female employees Percentage of female employees trained
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Hong Kong Senior 1.9 11.2 3.4 100% 100% 100% 0.8 N/A 0.8 100% N/A 100%
Middle 4.6 12.0 6.0 100% 100% 100% 1.7 9.0 2.3 100% 100% 100%
Executive 9.8 6.0 8.9 100% 100% 100% 5.1 24.0 8.3 100% 100% 100%
General 2.3 11.1 2.7 100% 100% 100% 0.7 8.0 1.2 100% 100% 100%
Macau Senior 8.0 N/A 8.0 100% N/A 100% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Middle 20.0 N/A 20.0 100% N/A 100% 20.0 N/A 20.0 100% N/A 100%
Executive 5.5 N/A 5.5 100% N/A 100% 2.0 N/A 2.0 100% N/A 100%
General 3.4 N/A 3.4 100% N/A 100% 1.7 N/A 1.7 100% N/A 100%
Mainland China Senior 29.0 8.7 26.8 100% 100% 100% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Middle 31.0 18.0 29.7 100% 100% 100% 35.0 N/A 35.0 100% N/A 100%
Executive 33.0 4.4 28.9 100% 73% 96% 34.0 19.8 31.2 100% 82% 97%
General 26.0 2.2 18.4 100% 74% 92% 26.0 1.8 21.8 100% 58% 93%
USA Senior N/A 12.0 12.0 N/A 100% 100% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Middle N/A 10.0 10.0 N/A 100% 100% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Executive N/A 6.3 6.3 N/A 100% 100% N/A 10.0 10.0 N/A 100% 100%
General N/A 8.0 8.0 N/A 99% 99% N/A 37.0 37.0 N/A 97% 97%
Canada Senior N/A 10.0 10.0 N/A 100% 100% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Middle N/A 10.3 10.3 N/A 100% 100% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Executive N/A 8.0 8.0 N/A 100% 100% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
General N/A 6.0 6.0 N/A 100% 100% N/A 6.5 6.5 N/A 98% 98%

10.Since the employee categories in the Environmental, Social and Governance Report of CSCD was different from that of the Group, to maintain reporting consistency, its training data is recalculated.

Number of employees received regular performance and career development review (by gender and employee category)

Employee category Number of male employees who received a review Percentage of male employees who received a review Number of female employees who received a review Percentage of female employees who received a review
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Senior 58 10 68 100% 100% 100% 3 N/A 3 100% N/A 100%
Middle 178 31 209 100% 100% 100% 21 1 22 100% 100% 100%
Executive 930 184 1,114 100% 87% 98% 96 23 119 100% 88% 98%
General 7,185 1,703 8,888 100% 80% 96% 2,050 252 2,302 100% 75% 97%

Supplier management (by region)

Region 供應商數目 執行聘用慣例的供應商數目
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Hong Kong 19 N/A 19 100% N/A 100%
Macau 318 N/A 318 100% N/A 100%
Mainland China 270 93 363 100% 100% 100%
USA N/A 1 1 N/A 100% 100%