Key Performance Indicators

Environmental Performance (Note 1)


Air Emissions

Category Emissions (tonne)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Year 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Nitrogen oxides 2,269.4 1,773 240.6 237 2,010 2,509.9
Sulphur oxides 148.8 116 160.6 342 458 309.4
Respirable suspended particulates 139.0 106 8.3 15 121 147.4

Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Note 2)

Year 2021 2020
Scope Emission source Emissions (tonne)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Scope 1: Direct emissions Combustion of fossil fuels 93,473 99,515 752,013 752,018 845,486 851,532 72,487 74,739 798,910 799,011 871,397 873,750
Industrial production processes – welding 278 N/A 278 1,604 N/A 1,604
Fugitive emissions  (Note    3) 5,764 5 5,769 648 101 749
Scope 2: Energy indirect emissions Purchased electricity 80,780 82,357 20,753 20,753 101,533 103,110 84,322 92,470 24,979 24,979 109,301 117,499
Purchased heat 1,576 N/A 1,576 8,148 N/A 8,148
Scope 3  (Note    4): Other indirect emissions Industrial production processes – welding (contractor) 10,085 45,371 N/A 95 10,085 45,465 814 20,217 N/A 108 814 20,325
Stationary combustion (contractor) 33,462 N/A 33,462 18,475 N/A 18,475
Waste paper disposal 735 N/A 735 686 No Statistics 686
Water consumption 645 N/A 645 102 No Statistics 102
Sewage treatment 309 N/A 309 48 No Statistics 48
Air business travel 135 95 229 92 108 200
Total GHG emissions  (Note 5) 227,242 772,866 978,127 187,427 824,097 1,011,524
GHG intensity (tonne of CO2-e / HKD million) 3.1 16.2

【1】To facilitate readers’ comprehensive understanding of the quantified environmental performance of the Group, the performance of CSCD is also presented in each indicator. The environmental performance of CSCD is aligned with the ESG report in its 2020 Annual Report, while some are independently assessed.

【2】GHG emissions quantification process and emission factors refer to the national standards and guidelines of the People's Republic of China (Guidelines for Accounting and Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions China Public Building Operation Units (Enterprises) (Trial) and Guidelines for Accounting and Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Other Industrial Enterprises (Trial)), Guidelines to Account for and Report on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals for Buildings (Commercial, Residential or Institutional Purposes) in Hong Kong prepared by the Environmental Protection Department and the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department of Hong Kong, SME Carbon Audit Toolkit compiled by the University of Hong Kong and the City University of Hong Kong, and the international standards ISO 14064-1 and the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.

【3】Including emissions of fire suppression systems from sites of operation within the reporting boundary and emissions of refrigerant from CSCD. The use of BTM (bromotrifluoromethane) in fire suppression systems produces fugitive greenhouse gas emissions, which are not among the six greenhouse gases in the Kyoto Protocol, but are included in this carbon assessment in order to give a true and fair representation of greenhouse gas-related information. It is also one of the controlled substances in Annex A of the Montreal Protocol and is approximately 1.0 tonnes of CFC-11 (trichlorofluoromethane) equivalent.

【4】The GHG emissions from waste paper disposal, water consumption and sewage treatment only include emissions generated from operations in Hong Kong.

【5】The total amount and breakdowns may not be consistent at the last digit due to rounding.

Waste Generation

2021 2020
Category Amount (tonne) Amount (tonne)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Hazardous waste generated
Total hazardous waste 16,927.0 0.7 16,927.7 10,503.20 0.45 10,503.65
Hazardous waste intensity (tonne / HKD million) 0.22 0.2
Non-hazardous waste generated
Inert construction and demolition waste 2,851,691.4 234,283.8 3,156,306.4 220,440,167 232,860 230,174,709
Other non-hazardous waste 70,331.2 9,501,682
Total non-hazardous waste 2,922,022.6 234,283.8 3,156,306.4 229,941,849 232,860 230,174,709
Non-hazardous waste intensity (tonne / HKD million) 40.8 3,685.4

Energy Consumption

Category Energy consumption (MWh)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Year 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Gasoline 22,001 13,407 896 929 14,336 22,897
Diesel 330,535 260,234 1,210 1,314 261,548 331,745
Liquefied petroleum gas 1,353 3,647 177 168 3,815 1,530
Liquefied natural gas 81 116 0 0 116 81
Pipeline gas 1,694 46 0 0 46 1,694
Acetylene 758 464 0 0 464 758
Natural gas 5,385 3,889 660 436 4,325 6,045
Methanol 354 196 0 0 196 354
Lignite N/A 0 2,099,178 2,249,624 2,249,624 2,099,178
Purchased electricity 148,906 139,995 37,519 42,745 182,740 3,981
Purchases heat (including heated water and steam) 3,981 20,576 0 0 20,576 (89,489)
Sold electricity N/A N/A (89,489) (40,297) (40,297) (1,665,266)
Sold steam N/A N/A (1,665,266) (7,607) (7,607) 899,932
Total energy consumption 22,001 442,570 384,885 2,247,312 2,689,882 11.6
Energy intensity (MWh / HKD million) N/A N/A N/A N/A 11.6 43.1
Renewable energy 3,810 4,387 0 0 3,810 4,387

Water and Sewage

Category Amount (cubic metre)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Year 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Water consumption
Total water consumption (Note 6) 5,474,160 6.685,125 1,872,804 1,862,837 8,547,962 7,346,964
Water consumption intensity (cubic metre/ HKD million) N/A N/A N/A N/A 95.0 136.9
Sewage discharge
Total sewage discharge 4,817,940 9,836,536 65,010 437,080 4,882,950 10,273,616
Water discharge intensity (cubic metre / HKD million) N/A N/A N/A N/A 63.2 164.5
Total water used (Note 7) 199,007 128,499 No Statistics No Statistics 199,007 128,499

【6】Including freshwater supplied to contractors at construction sites by the Group.

【7】Reused in construction sites of the Group, not used by other organisations.

Packaging Materials for Finished Products

Category Amount (tonne)
Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Year 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Total consumption of packaging materials 5,082.3 441 149.4 86 5,231.6 526
Packaging material intensity (tonne/HKD million) 0.07 0.01

Use of Raw Materials (Note 8)

Category Amount
Usage in sites of operation within the reporting boundary
Year 2021 2020

Non-renewable materials

Concrete (cubic metre) 3,253,978 7,948,840
Cement mortar (cubic metre) 205,481 194,123
Reinforced steel bar (tonne) 622,436 699,488
Steel beams (tonne) 20,534 69,575
Iron sheet pile (tonne) 9,116 10,201
Wooden sheet pile (tonne) 1,717,447 156,087
Cement (tonne) 549,869 455,189
River sand (tonne) 531,523 6,537,653
Stones (tonne) 2,385,728 2,091,254
Bricks (tonne) 1,069,789 6,167,082
Concrete floor materials (tonne) 3,253 1,133
Aluminium products (tonne) 12,746 5,303
Steel products (tonne) 12,422 11,127
Silica gel (tonne) 8,424 722
Glass (tonne) 61,887 20,930
Timber for packaging (tonne) 5,097 366
Other raw materials and packaging materials (tonne) 0.2 74
Paper (tonne) 14,181 349
Renewable materials

Bamboo flooring (tonne)

5 1

Cotton insulation material (tonne)

10 N/A
Wheast straw board (tonne) 2 N/A

【8】 The relevant data of CSCD was not calculated.

Social Performance (Note 9)


Employment

Statistics Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Current employees (Note 10) Gender Male 7,698 9,807 7,149 9,107 3,825 4,434 2,944 3,344 11,523 14,241 10,093 12,451
Female 2,109 1,958 609 400 2,718 2,358
Age group Under 30 2,642 2,693 1,509 1,075 4,151 3,768
31-40 3,382 2,917 1,383 949 4,765 3,866
41-50 2,000 1,892 990 858 2,990 2,750
Above 51 1,783 1,605 552 462 2,335 2,067
Employment rank Senior 24 28 11 18 35 46
Middle 199 231 34 35 233 266
Executive 1,837 1,680 343 281 2,180 1,961
General employees 7,747 7,168 4,046 3,010 11,793 10,178
Region Hong Kong 5,409 4,922 340 307 5,749 5,229
Macau 1,165 797 N/A N/A 1,165 797
Mainland China 3,233 3,388 3,828 2,745 7,061 6,133
USA N/A N/A 96 117 96 117
Canada N/A N/A 170 160 170 160
Other Workers N/A N/A N/A 15 N/A 15
Other Workers Region Hong Kong 17,137 30,893 15,565 22,100 N/A 146 No statistics by region 152 17,137 31,039 No statistics by region 22,251
Macau 7,131 3,992 N/A 7,131
Mainland China 6,625 2,543 114 6,739
Others N/A N/A 32 32
New hires Gender Male 1,891 2,320 2,001 2,472 860 1,024 937 1,038 2,751 3,344 2,938 3,510
Female 429 471 164 101 593 572
Age group Under 30 1,125 961 605 630 1,730 1,591
31-40 736 665 291 256 1,027 921
41-50 296 584 95 127 391 711
Above 51 163 262 33 25 196 287
Region Hong Kong 1,382 1,277 No statistics by region 51 No statistics by region 1,328
Macau 420 210 N/A 210
Mainland China 518 985 859 1,844
Rate of new hires (Note 11) Gender Male 27% 27% 28% 27% 30% 31% 32% 31% 28% 28% 29% 28%
Female 28% 24% 38% 25% 30% 24%
Age group Under 30 44% 36% 47% 59% 45% 42%
31-40 23% 23% 30% 27% 25% 24%
41-50 19% 31% 15% 15% 18% 26%
Above 51 14% 16% 8% 5% 12% 14%
Region Hong Kong 32% 26% N/A 17% N/A 25%
Macau 42% 26% N/A 26%
Mainland China 16% 29% 31% 30%
Number of employee turnover Gender Male 1,401 1,752 2,511 3,149 573 660 541 606 1,974 2,412 3,052 3,755
Female 351 638 87 65 438 703
Age group Under 30 672 777 339 307 1,011 1,084
31-40 624 942 192 183 816 1,125
41-50 270 744 85 68 355 812
Above 51 186 686 44 48 230 734
Region Hong Kong 1,190 1,756 86 26 1,276 1,782
Macau 52 107 N/A N/A 52 107
Mainland China 510 1,286 535 536 1,045 1,822
USA N/A N/A 16 24 16 24
Canada N/A N/A 20 18 20 18
Others N/A N/A 3 2 3 2
Rate of employee turnover (Note 12) Gender Male 20% 21% 31% 31% 20% 20% 19% 19% 20% 20% 28% 28%
Female 23% 30% 20% 16% 22% 28%
Age group Under 30 26% 25% 26% 31% 26% 26%
31-40 20% 30% 20% 18% 20% 27%
41-50 17% 35% 13% 8% 16% 27%
Above 51 16% 40% 11% 11% 14% 34%
Region Hong Kong 28% 34% No statistics by region 8% No statistics by region 33%
Macau 5% 14% N/A 14%
Mainland China 16% 30% 20% 26%
USA Not applicable Not applicable 20% 20%
Canada Not applicable Not applicable 12% 12%

【9】To facilitate readers’ comprehensive understanding of the quantified social performance of the Group, the performance of CSCD is also presented in each indicator . CSCD’s respective data on “number of employees”, “number of employees lost” and “number of suppliers” are quoted from the ESG Report in its 2021 Annual Report; other social performance was independently assessed.

【10】Total number of employees in 31 Dec 2021.

【11】Rate of new hires = (Number of new hires in 2021 / Number of current employees on 31 Dec 2021) x 100%.

【12】Rate of employee turnover = (Number of employee turnover in 2021 / average number of current employees on 1 January 2021 and 31 Dec 2021) x 100%.

Health and Safety (Note 13)

Statistics Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Year
Employees Number of work-related injuries (Note 14) 12 5 5 12 17 17
Work-related injury rate (Note 15) 0.11 0.05 0.11 0.36 0.11 0.13
Number of high-consequence work-related injuries (Note 16) 4 1 0 0 4 1
High-consequence work-related injuries rate (Note 17) 0.04 0.01 0.0 0 0.03 0.01
Number of work-related casualties 0 0 1 0 1 0
Work-related casualty rate 0 0.0 0.02 0.0 0.007 0.0
Lost days due to work-related injuries 5,169 7,778 423 744 5,592 8,522
Number of hours worked (Note 18) 21,015,067 18,918,320 9,168,000 6,706,392 30,183,067 25,624,712
Other Workers (Note 20) Number of recordable work-related injuries (Note 19) 134 134 0 0 134 134
Work-related injury rate 0.44 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.44 1.7
Number of high-consequence work-related injuries 74 0 0 0.0 74 0.0
High-consequence work-related injuries rate 0.25 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.25 0.0
Number of work-related casualties 0 0 0 0 0 0
Work-related casualty rate 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0
Lost days due to work-related injury or occupational diseases 486 10,424 158 0 644 10,424
Number of hours worked 60,323,272 24,768 40,560 0 60,363,832 24,768
Total Workforce Lost time injury rate (LTIR) 0.36 1.3% 0.11 0% 0.33 1.3%

【13】There were no employees and other workers with occupational diseases in the Group during the year.

【14】One person with high-consequence work-related injuries in the last year (2020). Causes include slips, collision with objects and falls.

【15】Work-related injury rate = (Number of injuries / Original number of total working hours) × 200,000.

【16】A high-consequence work-related injury is an injury that cannot or is not expected to recover fully to pre-injury health status within 6 months.

【17】High-consequence work-related injury rate = (Number of high-consequence injuries / Original number of total working hours) × 200,000.

【18】Calculated based on 8 hours of work for each employee per working day.

【19】Causes of work-related injuries include slips, falls and traffic accidents.

【20】Including contractors/ sub-contractors, interns, volunteers and other workers whose venue of work or work are managed by the Group.

Training and development (Note 21)

Statistics Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Year 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Training percentage Gender Male 84% 86% 64% 61% 98.3% 97% 83% 83% 88% 89% 69% 67%
Female 95% 53% 92.1% 77% 95% 57%
Employment rank Senior 78% 82% 100% 17% 85% 57%
Middle 88% 84% 100% 49% 90% 80%
Executive 82% 99% 100% 65% 85% 94%
General employees 87% 52% 97.2% 85% 90% 61%
Average training hours Gender Male 12.3 12.7 9.3 8.9 38.1 37.2 23.0 22.6 19.8 19.6 13.3 12.6
Female 14.7 7.5 31.2 19.4 18.4 9.5
Employment rank Senior 18.6 16.8 80.0 2.1 35.7 11.0
Middle 21.4 13.9 28.5 12.2 20.4 12.3
Executive 21.5 13.1 29.8 13.2 19.6 13.1
General employees 12.6 7.7 38.0 23.7 19.5 12.5

【21】Including data on employee turnover who has received training this year.

Supply chain management (Note 22)

Statistics Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Number of suppliers Hong Kong 574 2,627 549 1,498 69 1,475 65 1,526 643 4,102 614 3,024
Macau 147 60 Not applicable Not applicable 147 60
Mainland China 1,906 889 841 1,336 2,747 2,225
USA Not applicable Not applicable 83 56 83 56
Canada Not applicable Not applicable 358 61 358 61
Others (Note 23) Not applicable Not applicable 124 8 124 8

【22】The Group consistently applies supplier recruitment, management and monitoring practices to all suppliers of the same category to ensure fairness of the system.

【23】Including suppliers in Europe, Thailand, Singapore and Australia.

Anti-corruption

Statistics Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Year 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Number of people receiving information on anti-corruption policies and procedures Board of Directors 9 Not applicable
Employment rank Senior 17 6,733 4 2,001 11 2,993 0 1,861 28 9,726 4 3,862
Middle 172 154 34 9 206 163
Executive 1,368 704 343 100 1,711 804
General employees 5,176 1,139 2,605 1,752 7,781 2,891
Region Hong Kong 4,585 398 No statistics by region No statistics by region   Not applicable Not applicable  
Macau 13 11
Mainland China 2,135 1,592
Percentage of people receiving information on anti-corruption policies and procedures Board of Directors 100% Not applicable
Employment rank Senior 71% 69% 14% 22% 100% 68% 0% 56% 80% 68% 9% 31%
Middle 86% 67% 100% 26% 88% 61%
Executive 74% 42% 100% 36% 78% 41%
General employees 67% 16% 64% 58% 66% 28%
Region Hong Kong 85% 8% Not applicable No statistics by region Not applicable Not applicable  
Macau 1% 1%
Mainland China 66% 47%


Statistics Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total
Year 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Number of people receiving anti-corruption trainings Board of Directors 9 Not applicable
Employment rank Senior 17 6,682 4 2,677 11 3,325 0 1,861 28 10,007 4 4,538
Middle 170 207 32 9 202 216
Executive 1,342 1,120 142 100 1,484 1,220
General employees 5,153 1,346 3140 1,752 8,293 3,098
Region Hong Kong 4,585 506 No statistics by region No statistics by region Not applicable Not applicable
Macau 13 11
Mainland China 2,084 2,160
Percentage of people receiving anti-corruption trainings Board of Directors 100% Not applicable
Employment rank Senior 71% 68% 14% 29% 100% 75% 0% 56% 80% 70% 9% 36%
Middle 85% 90% 94% 26% 87% 81%
Executive 73% 67% 41% 36% 68% 62%
General employees 67% 19% 78% 58% 70% 30%
Region Hong Kong 85% 10% Not applicable No statistics by region Not applicable Not applicable
Macau 1% 1%
Mainland China 64% 64%
Average anticorruption training hours Board of Directors 1.7 Not applicable
Employment rank Senior 2.3 2.0 0.3 1.5 3.6 5.4 0.0 1.0 2.7 2.6 0.2 1.4
Middle 3.2 4.2 5.5 2.1 3.6 4.0
Executive 2.6 3.1 1.9 0.7 2.5 2.8
General employees 1.8 1.1 4.1 1.1 2.6 1.1
Region Hong Kong 1.9 0.4 1.5 No statistics by region No statistics by region Not applicable Not applicable
Macau 0.05 0.1
Mainland China 2.8 3.4


Community Investment

Statistics Sites of operation within the reporting boundary CSCD Total Unit
2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020
Total amount of investment 2,305 1,157,167.6 19 0 2,324 1,157,167.6 HKD (thousands)
Number of participating volunteers 4,157 4,148 121 146 4,278 4,294 number of people
Number of volunteer participation hours 12,215 19,657 141 214 12,356 19,871 hour